By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board
This e-book describes the improvement of ocean sciences over the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technological know-how origin (NSF) to the field's growth. a number of the people who participated within the interesting discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the booklet how the discoveries have been made attainable by means of mixtures of insightful members, new know-how, and now and again, serendipity.
as well as describing the development of ocean technological know-how, the publication examines the institutional buildings and expertise that made the advances attainable and offers visions of the field's destiny. This ebook is the first-ever documentation of the background of NSFâ€™s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were chargeable for ocean sciences at NSF as â€œrotatorsâ€ and occupation employees during the last 50 years.
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Extra resources for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000
The passage describes how one of the earliest discoveries and descriptions of the Gulf Stream was brought about by associating the relative sailing time for trans-atlantic passages with seawater temperature. As Postmaster General for the newly formed United States, Benjamin Franklin received complaints about mail delivery. Eastbound ships from America to England made the passage in half the time of westbound ships. There were suspicions of a trading conspiracy. After looking at ships' logs and talking with captains (including a relative who was captain of a Nantucket whaling ship), Franklin related rapid eastbound passages and slow westbound passages to unusually warm seawater.
Enlist now! Acknowledgments I thank Bruce Malfait for the data on year-by-year expenditures for drilling projects. Both he and Walter Munk made constructive suggestions on an early draft of the paper. K. Van Keuren kindly allowed use of his unpublished paper on the history of the Mohole Project. W. Hay made constructive suggestions for improvement of an earlier draft of the manuscript. I. Jones. 1981. A new global geology: Appendix III: report on Cruise LOCO 6301 with Drilling Vessel Submarex (a reprinting of the report made to NSF).
S. JOIDES institutions now number eleven. S. , was created to provide fiscal responsibility for JOIDES, so that NSF could sign contracts to support JOIDES activities. S. scientists had been members of the scientific parties aboard the ship, but in 1975, by requests from several countries and with the active encouragement of NSF, the project was formally internationalized as the International Program for Ocean Drilling (IPOD). " The list of member countries and consortia of countries has fluctuated over the years, but their combined contribution to the drilling program now constitutes roughly 40 percent of the costs.
50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000 by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board