By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program
Antarctic and Southern Ocean medical study has produced a wide range of vital and fascinating medical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extraordinary Antarctic atmosphere offers targeted possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. learn at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is turning into more and more pressing not just for figuring out the way forward for the zone but in addition its interconnections with and affects on many different components of the globe.
The U.S. nationwide technological know-how origin (NSF) offers U.S. researchers with huge entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic examine and observations for the subsequent decade. This survey provides a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling examine and the infrastructure most important for assisting this learn. This record makes innovations for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven study projects that handle questions poised for major improve with the following many years. This file additionally outlines a roadmap in which the imaginative and prescient and those priorities should be met.
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Extra info for A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research
26 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Opportunities and Challenges of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Sheet, and observed vertical motion of the Earth’s crust. Together with precise gravity measurements from the GRACE satellite, this has been crucial for quantifying the current rate of ice loss from Antarctica. A frontier for exploration and discovery. Many of the places, processes, and eco systems in Antarctica remain as unknown as other planets.
All rights reserved. 2 Illustration of how Southern Ocean circulation is linked to global oceanic dynamics. NADW = North Atlantic Deep Water; CDW = Circumpolar Deep Water; AABW = Antarctic Bottom Water. SOURCE: Lumpkin and Speer (2007). unstudied. 3). A world-class astrophysical laboratory. The South Pole offers an unparalled groundbased platform for studying the evolution and structure of the universe. The region’s dry and stable atmospheric conditions and uniformity of weather provide a critical advantage for astrophysics research that involves deep, large-scale observations at infrared, submillimeter, and millimeter wavelengths.
During the 2007-2008 International Polar Year, a seven-nation team of scientists led by the United States surveyed the largest unexplored mountain range on the planet (hidden by the ice) and discovered new dynamical processes at the base of the ice sheet. • The Polar Earth Observing Network (POLENET), which collects GPS and seismic data from autonomous observing systems across the Antarctic ice sheets, has been supported by participation by or contributions from 28 nations. S. funding support coming from Belgium, Germany, Japan, and Sweden.
A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program