By Petr Pavlínek
This e-book investigates the complicated methods of the post-1990 transformation within the Czech car and its selective integration within the West eu vehicle production method. The post-1990 restructuring of the Czech automobile is analyzed within the context of its pre-1990 improvement and within the context of the principal and East eu car as an entire. particularly, the ebook examines the improvement and post-1990 restructuring of the Czech passenger automobile undefined, the elements and truck production. significant issues lined comprise the advance of the Czech automobile sooner than 1990, the distinctive case examine of � koda automobile, the consequences of the post-1990 privatization within the Czech car undefined, the position and results of international direct funding throughout the post-1990 restructuring, the restructuring of the Czech truck undefined, and the fast improvement of the car parts manufacturing.
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Extra resources for A Successful Transformation?: Restructuring of the Czech Automobile Industry
On average, Czechoslovakia exported about one-third to two-fifths of its truck output between 1950 and 1990. More than 90% of truck exports went to the state socialist countries in the 1970s and 1980s, rising to 96% in 1989. In the 1980s, 45% of exported trucks went to the Soviet Union. The former Soviet Union, Poland, Bulgaria and East Germany accounted for 70% of Czechoslovak truck exports in the 1970s and 1980s. The trucks that were exported outside CMEA were directed to the developing nations such as the United Arab Emirates and India.
Founded in 1895 at the town of Mladá Boleslav in central Bohemia, Škoda (originally Laurin&Klement) is the third oldest European car manufacturer (after Daimler Benz and Peugeot). The first automobile was built there in 1905. Tatra traces its history of passenger car and truck production at the northern Moravian town of Kopřivnice back to 1897, and the first automobile on the territory of Czechia was built there in 1898. Car production in Prague started shortly afterward. In 1907 the Prague Automobile Factory (Pražská továrna na automobily) made its first Praga brand automobile and Walter launched its automobile production in 1913.
The Audi Hungária’s “lean” production system became the basis for a worldwide implementation of the Audi Production System in 1999 (Sabatini 2000). The production system of VW Slovakia is based upon similar production strategies (see Krecháč 2001; Pavlínek and Smith 1998:629). Opel Hungary pursued a similar maximum outsourcing strategy in its engine production as Audi Hungária. Additionally the company introduced a continuous 24-hour, 7-day production based on four-shifts. VW Slovakia introduced a floating working time system in 1997 to further increase production flexibility and cut labor costs.
A Successful Transformation?: Restructuring of the Czech Automobile Industry by Petr Pavlínek