Read e-book online Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property PDF

By Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski

On the finish of the 20 th century, highbrow estate rights collided with way of life. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new different types of copying and remixing made attainable through the web. overseas legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of hundreds of thousands of individuals world wide residing with HIV/AIDS by means of restricting their entry to affordable widely used medications. for many years, governments have tightened the grip of highbrow estate legislations on the bidding of data industries; yet lately, teams have emerged all over the world to problem this wave of enclosure with a brand new counter-politics of "access to knowledge" or "A2K." They contain software program programmers who took to the streets to defeat software program patents in Europe, AIDS activists who compelled multinational pharmaceutical businesses to allow copies in their medicinal drugs to be offered in negative nations, subsistence farmers protecting their rights to nutrients safety or entry to agricultural biotechnology, and faculty scholars who created a brand new "free culture" circulation to safeguard the electronic commons. Access to wisdom within the Age of highbrow Property maps this rising box of activism as a sequence of old moments, innovations, and ideas. It gathers probably the most vital thinkers and advocates within the box to make the stakes and techniques at play during this new area obvious and the phrases of highbrow estate legislations intelligible of their political implications world wide. an inventive Commons variation of this paintings should be freely on hand online.

Contributors: Ahmed Abdel Latif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen 't Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan promote, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh

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In fact, however, the discourse of access-to-medicines campaigners has become intimately bound up with the logic of intellectual property, because their attempt to contest the legitimacy narrative of intellectual property law has drawn them into the economic discourse that dominates the field. As activists sought to challenge the existing law of intellectual property, they found themselves up against the despotic dominion account of intellectual property. Calling upon this account, pharmaceutical companies insisted that they, too, are in the “access” business and that patents are the only way to ensure the development of new medicines.

Government funds certain basic scientific research or the creation of weather or mapping data. 47 So why, then, should we conclude that private intellectual property rights are superior to other systems of promoting creativity and innovation, such as direct government funding? Here, the image drawn from information economics is spun together with a narrative drawn from theories of the economics of private 28 kapczynski property rights in material resources (such as land) popularized in the 1980s and 1990s.

Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984). 17 Castells, The Rise of the Network Society, p.

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Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property by Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski


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