By James A. Hall
Excellent for figuring out the accounting details structures and similar applied sciences you are going to use on your enterprise occupation, Hall's ACCOUNTING details platforms, seventh version contains an emphasis on ethics, fraud, and the trendy production surroundings. The ebook makes a speciality of the wishes and tasks of accountants as finish clients of platforms, structures designers, and auditors. This version offers entire built-in assurance of Sarbanes-Oxley because it results inner controls and different proper themes tormented by this laws, in addition to reorganized dialogue of transaction cycles that make the stability among guide- and computer-based structures extra obvious.
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Additional resources for Accounting Information Systems
Before discussing the data sources portion of Figure 1-5, we must make an important distinction between the terms data and information. Data are facts, which may or may not be processed (edited, summarized, or refined) and have no direct effect on the user. By contrast, information causes the user to take an action that he or she otherwise could not, or would not, have taken. Information is often defined simply as processed data. This is an inadequate definition. Information is determined by the effect it has on the user, not by its physical form.
17 18 F I G U R E 1-8 FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF A FIRM PART I Business Organization Production Marketing Distribution Personnel Finance Accounting IT Services Purchasing Manufacturing Promotion Warehousing Recruiting Portfolio Management Inventory Control Data Processing Receiving Support Advertising Shipping Training Treasury Cost Accounting Benefits Credit Payroll Systems Development and Maintenance Counseling Cash Disbursement Accounts Payable Cash Receipts Accounts Receivable Stores Market Research Sales Billing Fixed Assets General Ledger Database Administration Overview of Accounting Information Systems Materials Management CHAPTER 1 The Information System: An Accountant’s Perspective Distribution Distribution is the activity of getting the product to the customer after the sale.
Some organizations with older legacy systems, however, may still use a data control group as a liaison between the end user and data processing. The data conversion function transcribes transaction data from source (paper) documents to digital media (tape or disk) suitable for computer processing by the central computer, which is managed by the computer operations group. Accounting applications are usually run according to a strict schedule that is controlled by the central computer. The data library is a room often adjacent to the computer center that provides safe storage for the offline data files, such as magnetic tapes and removable disk packs.
Accounting Information Systems by James A. Hall