By Theodor W. Adorno
This vintage ebook by way of Theodor W. Adorno anticipates a number of the topics that experience considering that develop into universal in modern philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the tip of epistemology. It additionally foreshadows the various key rules that have been built by way of Adorno in his most crucial philosophical works, together with unfavorable Dialectics.
Against Epistemology is predicated on a manuscript Adorno initially wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 in the course of his first years in exile and thus remodeled in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The textual content was once written as a critique of Husserl’s phenomenology, however the critique of phenomenology is used because the get together for a much wider critique of epistemology. Adorno defined this as a ‘metacritique’ which blends jointly the research of Husserl’s phenomenology because the so much complicated example of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions inner to Husserl’s concept. the result's a strong textual content which continues to be probably the most devastating evaluations of Husserl’s paintings ever written and which heralded a few of the principles that experience develop into normal in modern philosophy.
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Extra info for Against Epistemology: A Metacritique
Philosophy of Origins and Epistemology The philosophy of origins took shape scientifically as epistem ology. The latter wished to raise the absolutely first to the absolutely certain by reflecting on the subject – not to be excluded from any concept of the first. But the drive to identity is also INTRODUCTION 23 strengthened in the course of such reflection. Thoughts – which are no longer, in Husserl’s words,‘straightforwardly’ (geradehin) executed, but rather turned back upon themselves – seal themselves off more and more from whatever does not emanate from them and their jurisdiction, the immanence of the subject.
Every concept of dialectic would be null without the moment of subjective reflec tion. What is not reflected in itself does not know contradiction. And the perversion of dialectical materialism into the state religion of Russia and a positive ideology is theoretically based on the defamation of that element as idealistic. 28 INTRODUCTION Though philosophy of immanence may, with reason, tend to lapse into dogma, ontology or replica realism, it does also develop the antidote. Idealism was the first to make clear that the reality in which men live is not unvarying and independent of them.
Of a contract; evidence – judicial exhibits; judgement – of a trial – all unwittingly construe epistemology analogously to a legal contest. * The most enlightened epistemology still participates in the myth of the first in the figure of a contract which is never fulfilled and therefore in itself endless, self-repeating without respite. Its metacritique presents it with its promissory note and forces from it the external insight, gained from society, that equivalence is not truth and that a fair trade-off is not justice.
Against Epistemology: A Metacritique by Theodor W. Adorno