Download e-book for iPad: Annual Plant Reviews, Biochemistry of Plant Secondary by Michael Wink

By Michael Wink

ISBN-10: 1444320513

ISBN-13: 9781444320510

This fresh Annual Plant reports quantity is the second one variation of the hugely winning and well-received Annual Plant studies, quantity 2.
This intriguing new quantity presents an up to date survey of the biochemistry and body structure of plant secondary metabolism. the quantity commences with an outline of the biochemistry, body structure and serve as of secondary metabolism, through specific stories of the key teams of secondary metabolites: alkaloids and betalains, cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates and nonprotein amino acids, phenyl propanoids and similar phenolics, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and saponins. a last bankruptcy discusses the evolution of secondary metabolism.

This conscientiously compiled re-creation brings jointly chapters from a few of the world's best specialists in plant secondary metabolism. thoroughly revised and taken correct brand new with a lot new info, this quantity is a necessary buy for complex scholars, researchers and execs in biochemistry, body structure, molecular biology, genetics, plant sciences, agriculture, medication, pharmacology and pharmacy, operating within the educational and business sectors, together with these operating within the pesticide and pharmaceutical industries. Libraries in all universities and learn institutions the place those topics are studied and taught will desire copies of this wonderful quantity on their cabinets.

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Extra info for Annual Plant Reviews, Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism (Volume 40, 2) (2nd Edition)

Sample text

Tabacum plants. As a result of this single insertion, the plants acquired the ability to biotransform hyoscyamine into scopolamine, showing unequivocally that a single gene product was responsible both for the hydroxylation and epoxidation steps. , 1994). 8 kb length 5 -flanking region of the gene from H. niger. Expression in E. coli, in which plant genes were overexpressed, allowed for biotransformation and biosynthesis of alkaloids when feeding appropriate precursors of the tropane alkaloids.

Many SM are synthesized in the cytoplasm or in cell organelles (Fig. 4), but are stored in the vacuole. Energy for the uphill transport across the tonoplast and/or for trapping the metabolite in the vacuole is provided by a H+ -ATPase or ABC transporters. If special anatomical differentiations (ducts, gland cells, trichomes) are needed, the formation and maintenance of these structures are also costly. As a consequence, both biosynthesis and sequestration (and the corresponding transcription and translation of related genes and mRNAs) are processes which require substantial amounts of ATP; in other words, it must be costly for plants to produce defence and signal compounds (a schematic overview is presented in Fig.

4) and, since neither suspension cultures nor shoot cultures of Senecio form these alkaloids, this suggests that the root is the sole site of biosynthesis (Hartmann, 1994). In root cultures of Senecio vulgaris, feeding experiments with a range of 14 Clabelled precursors and inhibitors of metabolism showed both ornithine and arginine to be incorporated into senecionine-N-oxide (Hartmann, 1991). Experiments with DFMA and DFMO gave results suggesting that, in contrast to Nicotiana and Datura, label from ornithine is incorporated via arginine.

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Annual Plant Reviews, Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism (Volume 40, 2) (2nd Edition) by Michael Wink

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